Coughs: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Coughs: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments: Your body responds by coughing when something irritates your airways or throat. Coughing can be either voluntary or involuntary, short-term or persistent, and ranges from clearing the throat to a wheezing cough to full-on hacking.

When you cough, the air suddenly leaves your lungs through your epiglottis, the tiny trapdoor that covers the opening to your windpipe. A cough produces a powerful force of air that aids in clearing your breathing passageways of unwelcome irritants at the estimated speed of 100 miles per hour.

Although a cough rarely hurts, it can annoy or distract other people, and the effort of coughing can make you feel tired and achy. An occasional cough is common and not cause for concern.

What triggers a cough?

Infections of the upper respiratory tract.

These are the most typical culprits behind severe coughs. They are brought on by a bacterial infection (virus). Without any particular treatment, they almost always get better within a week. The duration of the symptoms is up to three weeks.

Infections of the lower respiratory system.

These are less frequent but can result in pneumonia, bronchitis, and two more chronic cough and lung infections. These conditions could be brought on by a bacterial infection (viruses, bacteria or fungi).


Wheezing, shortness of breath and coughing are brought on by this at night, in cold weather, and when exercising. A bacterial infection can significantly worsen asthma symptoms. An asthma exacerbation is what this is known as.


Coughing is frequently brought on by smoking. Smoking usually results in chronic cough with a recognizable sound. A smoker’s cough is a common name for it.


Although it is typically a rare side effect, some medications can make you have whooping cough. Coughing can be brought on by angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, which are frequently prescribed to treat heart disease and high blood pressure.

    • Two of the more popular ones are: Vasotec and Zestril (lisinopril) (enalapril)

When the medication is stopped, the coughing stops or tixylix syrup can be used.

Cough Symptoms and Telltale Signs

Acute or chronic coughing fits both categories. We state that acute coughs start suddenly and typically last less than three weeks. You usually experience this kind of cough when you have a cold, the flu, or acute bronchitis.

Coughs that are chronic and last longer than eight weeks (or longer than four weeks in children) might require dry cough syrup. A persistent cough can keep you awake while trying to sleep and cause fatigue. Additional symptoms and signs that it may present with include:

    • A stuffy or runny nose
    • A sensation of liquid dripping down your throat (postnasal drip)
    • Throat clearing regularly and sore throat
    • Hoarseness
    • Breathing difficulties and wheezing
    • Having heartburn or a sour aftertaste

Drugs or natural cough remedies for coughing?
Medicines (OTC)

Cold and cough syrups sold over-the-counter (OTC) may have side effects. In young children, these side effects can be life-threatening. Utilizing these medications carries more risks than advantages.

These cough suppressants should never be administered to young children, according to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). If you use the wet cough syrup and other medications as directed, you can use them after six. However, treating whooping cough and colds without these medications is simple.

Home Remedies for Cough

Effective home remedies are safe, affordable, and just as effective as over-the-counter medications. They can also be discovered in almost every house. Here are a few straightforward but effective home remedies.

  • Keep yourself hydrated by drinking lots of water. Ask your doctor how much water is ideal for you if you already have a medical condition.
  • Rest, avoid strenuous activity while experiencing symptoms and have Benadryl cough syrup.
  • The symptoms may worsen if you smoke or breathe in other people’s smoke. Try to stay away from those who are smoking. Try to reduce or stop smoking if you currently do so.
  • Take some honey; it might help lessen the a dry cough’s intensity and length. Taken 30 minutes before bedtime, one to two teaspoons of honey may be beneficial for even dry cough home remedies. Children’schest congestion is helped by it.

See a doctor

It might be time to see a doctor if you find that these home remedies aren’t helping your cough.

If your symptoms are severe, not improving with over-the-counter cough drops or other remedies, or last longer than four weeks, we advise seeing a doctor. Cold and cough typically go away after a typical respiratory viral infection in 4 weeks, but it can last up to 8 weeks. During this time, the cough should be gradually getting better.

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Fever: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatment

Fever: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatment: People may experience coldness as their body temperature rises until it levels off and stops rising. This is said to give people “chills.”

Normal body temperature in Fahrenheit can also be influenced by what is eaten, exercised, slept on, the time of day, and individual factors.

The immune system will launch an attack to try to eliminate the cause when an infection occurs. The normal course of this reaction includes a rise in body temperature.

Usually, the fever goes away on its own. However, a severe infection that requires medical attention could be indicated by an excessive increase in body temperature. In this situation, a doctor might suggest medication to lessen it.

Please continue reading to discover more about the signs and symptoms of a fever (which could be typhoid), its causes, and possible remedies.

How do fevers work?

An increase in body temperature above the normal range is a fever. However, body temperature varies between individuals, depending on activity levels and the time of day. The definition of the highest normal body temperature found in medical textbooks varies

Generally speaking, a fever is defined as a body temperature higher than 99 degrees Fahrenheit in the morning or 100 degrees Fahrenheit at any time of the day.

The hypothalamus, a region of the brain, controls the body’s temperature. The hypothalamus is set to the typical body temperature when everything in the body is functioning normally.


Fever can brought on by almost any infection. It can be one of the dengue symptoms. It can also be due to scarlet fever or hay fever. It can also include the following:

    • Appendicitis, rheumatic fever, skin infections, bone infections (osteomyelitis), and yellow fever respiratory infections like the common cold, flu, sore throats, ear infections, sinus infections, mononucleosis, pyrexia, pneumonia, and tuberculosis.
    • Urinary tract infections
    • Both bacterial and viral gastroenteritis can occur
    • Following some vaccinations, one can experience a low-grade normal body temperature in human children for one or two days.

A child’s temperature may slightly rise due to teething, but it shouldn’t go above 100°F (37.8°C).

Inflammatory or autoimmune diseases can also bring on a fever. Some examples are:

    • Rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus are examples of connective tissue diseases that can cause arthritis.
    • Crohn’s illness and ulcerative colitis
    • Vasculitis or typhoid fever
    • Fever is sometimes the first sign of cancer. For Hodgkin’s disease, this is accurate.

What symptoms and signs indicate a fever?

A fever can make a person feel extremely uneasy. The following are fever symptoms that you may have a fever:

    • Normal body temperature in fever in both adults and children of more than 100.4 F (38 C)
    • Chills, trembling, and shivers
    • Muscle and joint pain as well as other body aches
    • Headache
    • Excessive sweating or sporadic sweating
    • Heart palpitations or a rapid heartbeat
    • Hot skin or flushing skin
    • Feeling weak, lightheaded, or dizzy
    • Eye discomfort or red eyes
    • Weakness
    • Reduced appetite
    • Fussiness (in children and toddlers) (in children and toddlers)
    • It’s also crucial to be aware of the signs of infection in kids, such as sore throats, coughs, earaches, vomiting, and diarrhea.
    • Convulsions, hallucinations, or confusion could occur at very high temperatures. For high fever, always seek medical attention.

Methods for different types of fever treatment

Care for a viral fever depends on its severity. A low-grade fever without other symptoms is usually not severe enough for medical attention. In most cases, an average fever temperature can treated with fluids and bed rest.

To treat an elevated body temperature as typhoid symptoms or dengue fever when it comes with mild symptoms like general discomfort or dehydration, try the following to reduce viral fever symptoms:

    • Ensuring that the resting person’s environment is comfortable by checking the temperature
    • Taking a regular bath or a sponge bath with lukewarm water
    • Taking acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil)
    • Consuming many liquids can also work for dengue treatment.

Medical Care

A fever brought on by an infection won’t go away until the disease is treated, at the very least, until it gets better. This might necessitate medical attention, depending on the illness.

Consult a medical professional if your fever persists or you experience any additional symptoms that point to an illness.

You can anticipate medications and tests to determine the cause of the elevated temperature if you visit your doctor’s office, an urgent care centre, or the emergency room for high fever treatment.

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Eyes: Structure, Function, and Disease

Eyes: Structure, Function, and Disease: Animals use various methods to detect light and focus it to create images. Human eyes function like camera lenses, focusing light onto film. This is referred to as having “camera-type eyes.” The retina of the eye is like film, while the cornea and lens of the eye are comparable to camera lenses.

Human Eye Structure and Functions

The most intricate sense organs in the human body are the eyes. Every component of the human eye performs a specific function, from the muscles and tissues to the nerves and blood vessels. Furthermore, the eye is made up of two separate segments fused rather than being perfectly spherical, as is commonly believed.

It comprises several muscles and tissues that join to form a roughly spherical shape. From an anatomical standpoint, the human eye can be broadly divided into external and internal structures.

The Eye’s External Structure

The following are the components of the eye that are visible from the outside:-

Sclera: It is the visible white area. It shields the internal organs and is composed of thick connective tissue.

Conjunctiva: It is a stratified squamous epithelium that lines the sclera.

The cornea is the transparent front portion of the eye that houses the iris and pupil.

Iris: The coloured, pigmented eye area visible from the outside. Blue eyes and Hazel eyes are a product of it.

Pupil: It is the tiny opening at the centre of the iris. It lets light in so that it can focus on the retina.

Internal Components of the Eye

The eye’s internal parts include:

Eye lens: The biconvex, transparent lens of the eye. The cornea and lens refract light to focus on the retina.

Retina: The innermost layer of the eye is called the retina. It functions as the film of a camera and is light-sensitive.

Optic Nerve: The optic nerves transport all nerve impulses from the retina to the brain so they can be perceived.

Aqueous Humour: Between the cornea and the lens is a fluid called aqueous humour.

Vitreous Humor: A clear, jelly-like substance between the lens and retina.

Common Eye Diseases

  • Eye fatigue – also known as eyestrain
  • Refractive Errors (myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism and other vision distortions) Uncorrected refractive error is a preventable factor in India’s visual impairment. LASIK helps with it. Eyeglasses recommended for it.
  • Dry eye syndrome: Insufficient tear production from the tear glands
  • Blindness at Night [Nyctalopia] – Trouble seeing in dim light
  • Conjunctivitis (bacterial, viral, or allergic) Conjunctival inflammation is what it is. It causes red eyes.
  • Reduced vision in one eye caused by a disorder of vision development known as amblyopia.
  • Eye floaters: Spots in the vision (such as strings, rings, and cobwebs)
  • Retinal conditions
  • Eyelideye infection known as blepharitis and causes crusty or dry eyelids, stickiness, and a gritty feeling.
  • A cataract is an opacity that develops within the eye’s normally clear lens. Cataract surgery is usually the only solution.
  • Increased intraocular pressure, or glaucoma, is a condition that may harm the optic nerve.

Remedies at home for sore eyes

Some causes of eye pain can treated at home. For instance, warm compresses or OTC eye drops can ease eye discomfort.

Artificial tears or a warm water flush can help to flush out any foreign objects that may be in the eye. Apply a warm compress with a damp washcloth to relieve blurred vision and style pain.

There are several easy at-home treatments for sore eyes. Some of them are as follows:
Ice compress

To reduce pain and swelling, place a cold washcloth over your closed eyes twice daily for five minutes each.

Oil of castor

Castor oil eye drops could help lessen eye irritation. Before going to bed, put one drop in each eye; repeat the procedure in the morning for dry eyes.


Some natural healers advise using aloe vera to treat sore eyes because of its anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. Also, It can help with conjunctivitis.


A foreign object stuck in someone’s eye is typically noticeable. However, a doctor might demand additional testing to rule out other causes. They may inquire about your symptoms and health history.


While some eye conditions, like a detached retina, can impair vision, others are minor and might not necessitate a trip to the optometrist immediately.

However, it doesn’t lessen how annoying they are! What is attainable? Exist any all-natural treatments for common eye issues? Start with the query ophthalmologist near me.

Finding the best and most efficient methods to treat common vision conditions at home is not always straightforward. To assist you, we have done our research.

We sincerely hope you try some of our few at-home, all-natural treatments for some of the most typical eye issues like pink eye or macular degeneration, which need you to find an eye doctor near me.

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How many types of Pains in Human Body

How many types of Pains in Human Body: Pain is an unpleasant sensation that alerts you to potential problems. It may be described as constant, throbbing, knifing, aching, pinching, or various other ways. It can also be merely annoying, like a minor headache. Sometimes it can be crippling.

Other physical symptoms like nausea, vertigo, weakness, or sleepiness can be brought on by pain. It may result in emotional side effects like irritability, depression, anger, or mood swings. Most significantly, it may alter your way of life and hurt your career, relationships, and independence.

Currently, managing the symptoms is the most effective way to treat pain. Our pain medicine experts can provide options for treating pain if the cause of your pain cannot be treated or is unknown.

Our facility treats the following list of pain:


Osteoarthritis is the kind of arthritis that develops when the cartilage that ordinarily prevents the bones in a joint, such as yours, from rubbing against one another breaks down. The simple wear and tear resulting from using the joint typically cause it, but occasionally injuries sustained during sports or work can also be to blame.

By the Arthritis Foundation, you have a higher risk of developing osteoarthritis if you’re older, obese, have a distant cousin who has the condition, or overuses a joint.

Uterine Pain

Menstrual cramps, pain during ovulation, endometriosis symptoms, and urinary tract infections are among the common causes. Other potential sources include pelvic connective tissues, weak and injured muscles, and uterine fibroids. Medication, hypnosis, heat, and physical therapy are all possible treatments. Doctors may advise a hysterectomy in extreme cases.

Stomach Ache

People frequently experience abdominal pain due to “eating the extra chicken wing they felt sure they shouldn’t have.” Waiting it out and avoiding that food the next time is the best treatment for indigestion.

Constipation, IBS, food poisoning, and stomach infections are a few more likely reasons for abdominal discomfort. The more severe conditions of appendix pain, aortic aneurysm, pancreatitis, kidney stones, and gall stones can cause abdominal pain.

Nociception Pain

The stimulation of sensory nerve fibres that develop from harmed tissue results in nociceptive pain. In the human body, nociceptive pain is typically transient, meaning it goes away when the injured tissue heals.

Nociceptive pain sensations frequently alter in response to physical movement, position, and load. They are brought on by activating primary afferent nociceptors by mechanical, thermal, or chemical stimuli (such as pressure, heat, or cold).

Breakthrough Pain

Acute pain that surpasses a person’s everyday pain management is called breakthrough pain. It appears abruptly and frequently in cancer patients. Most of the time, medications effectively control pain, but sporadic episodes of intense and sudden pain still happen. In addition to prescription painkillers, narcotics are frequently used to treat breakthrough pain.

Phantom Pain

Phantom pain has the impression of emanating from a removed body part. Formerly thought to be a psychological issue, it is now understood that these actual pain sensations originate in the spinal cord and brain. Phantom pain can affect anyone, but it most frequently affects those who have had an arm or a leg amputated.

Neuralgic discomfort

Neuropathic pain is pain brought on by damage to or illness of the nerves. This pain is frequently experienced by those with trigeminal neuralgia, shingles, sciatica, neck or back pain, or diabetic neuropathy.

Neuropathic pain is commonly described as a burning, stabbing, shooting, prickling, electric shock-like pain hypersensitive to touch, movement, heat, cold, and pressure. When you experience neuropathic pain, even the slightest touch or motion can be excruciatingly painful.

What factors contribute to pain?

There are many different causes of pain:

  • Injury brought on by mishaps or actions.
  • Acute disease.
  • Persistent chronic illness.
  • persistent pain.

Medication is a good short-term solution for managing pain, which can be a temporary problem. Pain frequently goes away after the underlying issue has been addressed. For instance, injuries will typically heal over time, and as a result, the pain will lessen.

But pain can be a more persistent problem; chronic pain cannot only be brought on by ongoing illnesses but also be considered an ongoing illness in and of itself.

Advice on how to discuss pain

Each person has a unique experience of pain, which is very personal. A person may experience extreme pain, while another may only experience mild discomfort. Other elements that may significantly impact how you perceive pain, like neck or heel pain, will include your emotional state and general physical health.

It may be simpler for your doctor to identify the source of your pain and suggest the best course of action if you accurately describe it. To help you be as clear as possible during your appointment if at all possible, write down specifics of your pain.

How can I tell if my pain is typical or if I need to visit the doctor?

Most pain is a natural reaction to injury or disease and doesn’t require a doctor’s trip. However, how will you know if your pain is a severe sign? It’s probably normal to wake up with neck or back pain after sleeping in an uncomfortable position.

Minor (first-degree) burns cause normal pain that is likely not serious enough to see a doctor. Short-term pain is typical after stubbing your toe or bumping your knee.

In general, your pain is probably normal if it only lasts for as long as you expect it to and you are aware of the cause. You might want to call your doctor if your pain is severe, lasts longer than you believe it should work for the injury or illness, or if you are unsure of its source.

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Top 10 most Skin problems

Top 10 most Skin problems: Are you dissatisfied with your skin? There’s a chance your dermatologist can help with your skin condition. Dermatologists treat many ailments, some of which are more typical than others.

A healthy complexion is crucial to physical beauty, so these ten most common skin diseases can be physically and emotionally overwhelming.

The skin is the body’s largest organ. The skin protects the body’s internal organs, and an individual’s physical appearance is determined mainly by their skin’s colour, texture, and radiance.

1. Acne

Although one of the most prevalent skin conditions, acne is also most feared, particularly among young people who frequently have it. There is numerous acne treatment available. Any of the following can lead to acne:

  • The androgen hormone, produced in excess, causes excessive sebum production and acne flare-ups.
  • The proliferation of the Propionibacterium organism
  • Skin inflammatory disease

2. Atopic dermatitis (Eczema)

The skin becomes red, itchy, dry, and inflamed due to atopic dermatitis, also known as eczema. Even itchy skin and red bumps can form as a result of it. Your face, neck, hands, ankles, feet, wrists, and elbows can develop eczema. A dermatologist can develop a treatment strategy to manage the symptoms despite no cure.

3. Rosacea

It is a typical skin condition that results in facial blood vessels being visible and blushing or flushing. Additionally, it may result in tiny, pus-filled bumps. These symptoms and signs may fluctuate for weeks or months before subsiding temporarily. Rosacea can be confused with acne, other skin conditions, or natural ruddiness.

4. Basal Cell Carcinoma

This specific form of skin cancer. Basal cells, a type of skin cell that produces new skin cells as old ones degenerate, are where basal cell carcinoma starts. Although it can take other forms, it frequently manifests as a small, slightly transparent bump on the skin. Areas of the skin exposed to the sun are where basal cell carcinoma most frequently develops.

5. Sunburn

It is painful, inflamed skin that is warm to the touch. It frequently manifests within a few hours of spending too much time in the sun. Simple self-care techniques like taking painkillers and cooling the skin can help relieve sunburn. But the sunburn might not go away for several days.

6. Melasma

A skin condition called melasma is characterised by brown, blue-gray, or freckle-like patches on the skin. Many people refer to it as the “mask of pregnancy.” The cells that determine your skin’s colour produce too much of themselves, which results in melasma. It is familiar and safe, and some treatments might be beneficial. Usually, melasma disappears after a few months.

7. Actinic Keratosis

Rough, scaly skin patches are brought on by actinic keratosis (AK). Squamous cell carcinoma, a type of skin cancer, can develop from AK if it is not treated. The best defense against AK is to use sun protection. Call your doctor for a diagnosis and treatment if you notice any new red or rough bumps on your skin.

8. Latex Allergy

It occurs when specific proteins in natural rubber latex, used to make products like condoms, rubber gloves, and some medical devices, cause an excessive immune response in your body. Doctors are unsure of its root cause. Frequently coming into contact with latex and rubber products could contribute to this.

9. Lupus

A chronic autoimmune disease called lupus has the potential to inflame your entire body. It isn’t always a systemic condition, but it is usually localized. An autoimmune disease is a condition in which your body’s immune system causes its cells to inflame and break down. Many Lupus skin rash sufferers have a mild form of the disease, but it can worsen if untreated.

10. Vitiligo

Vitiligo patients may experience self-consciousness. You’ve noticed a change in pigmentation, and you’re sick of people gawking at you or interrogating you. Your skin has lost some colour, but a dermatologist can restore it partially. A dermatologist will decide which of the many available treatments to use for you based on your skin type.


The largest organ we have is our skin. Additionally, it plays a crucial role in protecting our other organs. Given this information, it is clear how important skincare is. With proper precaution, many skin conditions can be avoided. Medical dermatology can be very beneficial if we continue to experience skin conditions.

We might mistakenly believe our condition doesn’t require a dermatologist’s attention. Dermatologists can assist us in determining the best course of skin care action for our symptoms and hasten the healing process.

You are not alone if you suffer from a skin condition. Make an appointment immediately so your dermatologist can assist you with your treatment.

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Why do Women have Periods?

Why do Women have Periods?: Do you recall the start date or duration of your most recent period? If not, you should consider starting to pay attention.

Monitoring your menstrual cycles can help you determine what’s typical for you, determine when ovulation occurs, and spot significant changes like missed periods or erratic menstrual bleeding. While irregular menstrual cycles or delayed periods at times are typically not severe, they occasionally can be a sign of health issues.

The evolution of periods: when did it all begin?

According to research, the body’s natural processes did not include menstruation (like breathing or excretion). Around 40 million years ago, it began to emerge in the anthropoid primate, the ancestor of monkeys, apes, and humans.

Fetuses appeared to have started to invade mothers’ bodies more aggressively at this time, which suggests that they needed more of the mother’s resources to survive. It becomes more apparent why the evolution of menstruation was necessary when one considers this interplay between a mother and her unborn child.

What is the menstrual cycle?

The menstrual cycle is a cycle of changes occurring every month in a woman’s body as she prepares for a potential pregnancy. Ovulation is the release of an egg from one ovary once per month. The uterus is getting ready for pregnancy simultaneously as hormonal changes.

The uterine lining sheds through the vagina if ovulation occurs, but the egg is not fertilised. This is the menstrual cycle.

So, why do women experience periods?

When you have a period as a woman, your body lets go of no longer needed tissue. Your body gets ready for pregnancy each month. Your uterus’ lining thickens in anticipation of housing a fertilised egg. A fertilised egg that is ready to implant itself in the lining of your uterus is released.

The thicker uterine lining begins to degrade if the egg is not fertilised because your body no longer requires it. Eventually, it is expelled from your vagina as vaginal bleeding and some mucus. Your period is now, and once it’s over, the period cycle repeats itself.

Ovulation: What is it?

The ovulation period is the release of an egg by the ovary so that sperm can fertilise it and create a child. The three days before and the day of ovulation is when a woman is most likely to become pregnant if she engages in sexual activity without using birth control (since the sperm are already in place and ready to fertilise the egg as soon as it is released).

While a woman’s egg only survives for 12 to 24 hours after ovulation, a man’s sperm can survive in a woman’s reproductive organs for 3 to 5 days.

The length of each woman’s menstruation cycle may vary, and the interval between ovulation and the beginning of the subsequent period may range from one to two weeks.

How long does a cycle of menses last?

An average menstrual cycle for women who are menstruating lasts 28 days. It begins on the first day of the previous period and ends on the first day of the subsequent one. But women’s cycles can vary in length, especially in the first year or two after a young woman’s first period.

During the first few years, a woman’s cycle may last as little as 21 days or as long as 45 days. Anything outside of this range, however, might need medical attention.

Can you stop your period?

A 2014 article in the International Journal of Women’s Health stated that while no method can guarantee that you won’t get periods, you can stop getting them by using a variety of birth control methods, including:

Contraceptive pills. After a year of daily use, you will have a 70% chance of suppressing your cycle if you use birth control pills.

IUD for women. A hormonal IUD (intrauterine device) has a 50 per cent chance of suppressing your cycle after one year.

Shot of hormones. A hormone injection may impact your fertility for up to 22 months. You’ll have a chance of suppressing your cycle of 50 to 60 per cent after a year and 70 per cent after two years.

What results in irregular menstrual cycles?

Menstrual cycle irregularities can result from a variety of factors, such as:

Breastfeeding or being pregnant. A missed period can be one of the signs of pregnancy symptoms at an early stage. Typically, breastfeeding postpones the onset of menstruation after pregnancy.

Extreme weight loss, eating disorders, or overexertion. Severe weight loss increased physical activity, and eating disorders like  nervosa can interfere with menstruation.

Ovarian polycystic syndrome (PCOS). An ultrasound examination reveals small collections of fluid, known as follicles, in each ovary in women with this common endocrine system disorder.

They may also have irregular periods, one of the most common PMS symptoms. Ovarian failure before its time. The loss of normal ovarian function before age 40 is referred to as premature ovarian failure. Premature failure in women is referred to as primary ovarian insufficiency.


It’s normal to get your period. It is a step in your body’s pregnancy preparation. Every month you are not pregnant, your body eliminates tissue that is no longer required to support a fertilised egg. Consult your doctor or gynaecologist if you notice any irregularities, including changes in your menstrual regularity, frequency, duration, or volume.

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Piles: Symptoms, causes, and treatments

What is Piles Disease?

Haemorrhoids and piles are conditions where the blood vessels in the anus and rectum become inflamed. In the entire body, these blood vessels serve as shock absorbers for faeces. Haemorrhoids are one of the leading causes of rectal bleeding because of this.

Different Types of Piles

Internal Piles

Deep within the rectum, swollen veins are known as internal haemorrhoids form. Since there are no pain nerves in the rectum, they cannot  seen or felt and rarely produce noticeable symptoms due to their location. Internal haemorrhoids usually cause no harm and disappear on their own.

External haemorrhoids

When people hear the word haemorrhoids, they frequently think of external haemorrhoids. The skin around the anus develops these palpable, observable lumps. In terms of symptoms, they are comparable to internal haemorrhoids, but internal haemorrhoids are found inside the rectum.

What are some lifestyle risk factors that could make the issue worse?

Even though the primary causes of the problem are already mentioned, lifestyle significantly impacts how piles develop. People must comprehend the significance of eating fibre-rich foods. This speeds up the body’s metabolism, which resolves such problems.

Such problems can reduced with dietary changes. Fast food, cheese, chips, ice cream, processed foods, frozen foods, and other similar items should only consumed in moderation.

Sedentary lifestyles also contribute to the issue. Lack of exercise and walking hurts gastrointestinal motility, leading to extreme symptoms like constipation or diarrhoea. Pile formation is the result of this

How might piles be avoided?

Fill Up on Fiber

People who have infrequent bowel movements are more likely to develop haemorrhoids. Filling up on fibre through your diet or supplements is one of the simplest home remedies for haemorrhoids to improve your regularity.

Avoid tenseness

One of the most frequent causes of painful or bleeding haemorrhoids is straining and increasing pressure on the veins in your rectum. Sometimes, having a bowel movement too forcefully can result in this.

Avoid lifting anything heavy

Anal canal pressure can be increased by lifting stuffed grocery bags, storage containers, or even bulky office supplies, so doing so needs to be avoided at all costs. As long as you don’t have to push yourself, you can exercise safely.

Try a topical remedy

Topical medications (such as piles cream, ointment, gel, or suppositories) have ingredients that soothe, cool, and reduce inflammation and relieve pain and burning. It’s critical to adhere to the dosage recommendations to benefit from these products the most. Asking your pharmacist for advice is never a problem.

Hemorrhoid Treatment surgery types

Piles Treatment surgeries can divided into less invasive, less complicated, outpatient procedures that you can perform without anaesthesia and more involved inpatient procedures.

Your doctor will decide whether you need surgery and the best kind of procedure for you based on the severity of your symptoms and whether you have any complications.

The following grades of piles surgery are used to categorise the severity of haemorrhoids:

  • Grade 1: No prolapse
  • Grade 2: prolapse that resolves on its own
  • Grade 3: prolapse that you must manually push back in
  • Grade 4: a painful prolapse with bleeding piles that you can’t push in on your own

Take away

Therefore, this article focuses on treating piles and preventing their symptoms. All you need to do is stop living a sedentary lifestyle that will likely turn you into a robot and cause many health problems; drink lots of water, eat lots of fibre, stay active, and set aside time.

Additionally, laser surgery can help you get rid of piles in a very effective and painless manner if they become severe.

Do not alarmed; piles are a treatable condition. You can submit additional questions in the box below.

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Hydrocele: Treatment, Symptoms and Causes

Hydrocele: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment: A hydrocele is a fluid build-up next to a testicle in your scrotum (testis). A hydrocele can occasionally develop over both testicles, though it usually only affects one side (testes).

An unbroken tissue sac serves as a protective barrier around the normal testis. Normally, you can’t feel this. The testis produces a tiny amount of “lubricating” fluid to enable free movement. Usually, extra fluid drains into your scrotal veins. A hydrocele forms when there is an imbalance between the fluid produced and the amount drained.

Hydrocele Causes

A hydrocele testis can develop before the birth of your child. The testicles produce inside the stomach before descending through a small tunnel into the scrotum. A sac of fluid accompanies each testicle.

Typically, the fluid inside the sac and tunnel is absorbed by the baby’s body after they seal off before birth. They may develop a hydrocele if this process doesn’t go according to plan.

Two types of hydrocele exist:

• When the sac closes as it should, but the boy’s body doesn’t absorb the fluid inside it, a noncommunicating hydrocele develops.

• When the sac doesn’t seal, communicating hydrocele results, their scrotum may swell more over time if they have this type.

• A hydrocele is more likely to occur in premature infants.

Hydrocele Symptoms

The only symptom of hydroceles is a swollen scrotum, which typically doesn’t hurt.

Hydroceles, however, can be uncomfortable in adults. The scrotum feels heavier the more fluid there is in the hydrocele. For some people, the swelling is worse in the morning than at night.

It’s crucial to seek medical attention immediately if sudden scrotal pain or swelling develops, particularly following a scrotum injury.

This condition, known as testicular torsion, can cause these symptoms and calls immediate medical attention.

Which therapy is most effective for hydrocele?

Instead of relying on hydrocele home treatment, we advise seeking immediate medical attention if you feel heavy or in pain and have an enlarged scrotum.

There are many options for hydrocele at-home treatment in Ayurveda or non-surgical treatment in India. However, surgery is the most effective way to get long-lasting hydrocele relief.

Does that imply that there is no natural way to treat hydroceles?

“As medical professionals, we can only comment on treatments that have been supported by science.”

However, if your hydrocele is small and you don’t experience any pain, there might not be any adverse side effects from attempting some hydrocele home treatment methods.

Simple Home Hydrocele Treatment Procedures

Before attempting home treatments, it is best to speak with a doctor.

Only a doctor can tell you whether you should have surgery right away or if you can wait, depending on the size of the hydrocele and any accompanying symptoms.

If your hydrocele is still in the early stages, you can try these steps.


People with hydrocele can significantly benefit from the advice mentioned above in reducing their pain and discomfort. Speaking with your doctor about adequately managing your hydrocele is crucial before implementing any of these suggestions.

Your doctor might suggest hydrocelectomy, a surgical procedure that effectively removes or treats hydrocele. Hydrocele surgery using lasers is currently practised.

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Everything you need to know about Cupping Therapy

Aches and pains can significantly slow down your day, whether brought on by exercise or long-term conditions. Minor soreness is joint, but it may be time to think about cupping Therapy if your muscle pain is getting in the way of your daily activities.

Cupping is a great way to relieve various aches and pains and is a natural alternative to traditional medications and painkillers that can lead to the buildup of harmful chemicals in your body. Before you attend your first session, you should know a few things about the practice.

What is cupping Therapy?

Although many practitioners now use silicone domes that don’t require an open flame to activate, traditional cupping involves applying glass domes to the back before using fire to create suction against the skin.

The typical way to identify cupping is by the circular skin marks it leaves behind on the client’s back. Often mistaken for bruises, these marks are caused by the blood being explicitly drawn into that area via the cup’s pressure. It is thought that the marks’ colour intensity reflects the body’s levels of lymph, toxins, and stagnant blood.

Type of Cupping therapy:

Flash cupping

Flash cupping involves applying cups repeatedly and quickly with little retention. This technique, which is not overly powerful, helps to relieve local congestion and promote circulation over a larger area.

Wet cupping and Hijama

Wet cupping refers to the application of cups following skin piercing. Hijama cupping is the term used in middle eastern cultures for this. People in America and worldwide look for hijama therapy as a preventative health measure, particularly in the days preceding the full moon.

Air Cupping

A handheld suction pump removes air from the cups in air cupping, a substitute for fire cupping that produces a vacuum without heat. According to some clinical research from China, this advancement in cupping technology makes patients feel more at ease.

Classic Cupping

Traditional Chinese medicine practitioner and acupuncturist Ann Michelle Casco, L.Ac., claims that the conventional cupping method is ba guan zi, fire or dry cupping. This entails placing the cup over an acupuncture point along an energy meridian or an ashi (painful area) point.

Depending on the severity of the person’s condition, the cups are left in place for anywhere between 5 and 20 minutes. A typical course of treatment entails 4-6 sessions spaced out by 3–10 day gaps.

How do you feel?

Cupping is typically not painful and is incredibly relaxing. As the cup is moved in a rolling motion, a pulling sensation is felt on the skin. After the cup is released, the area frequently experiences redness or warmth due to increased blood flow.

Who can gain?

Cupping has advantages for nearly everyone. It is used to treat various conditions, including scarring, tight muscles, lack of mobility, headaches, tendinitis, bursitis, plantar fasciitis, fibromyalgia, and the release of trigger points.

What are the benefits of cupping Therapy?

People are rediscovering the advantages of cupping, from Olympic athletes to expectant pop stars. You may have even observed individuals at your gym or swimming pool with those recognisable red circles on their shoulders and backs.

People are increasingly asking for cupping to ease their chronic muscle soreness. But did you know that numerous other conditions can be treated with cupping?

Circulation is increased by cupping.

The suction improves circulation in the region where the cups are placed from the cups. The increased blood flow to that area can aid in cell repair and the relaxation of tense muscles. Cupping helps to improve circulation and lessen the appearance of cellulite.

Your immunity may improve after cupping.

We’re not saying cupping will stop or cure Covid, but it might help promote a generally strong immune system. The immune system kicks into high gear to combat the temporary site of inflammation caused by the suction cups.

Your nervous system might be soothed by cupping.

The act of cupping may contribute to overall better moods or, at the very least, a feeling of relaxation afterwards. According to research, it triggers the parasympathetic nervous system, which forces the body into “rest and digest” mode after the pressure rises and the blood supply  interrupted.

You can lower your cholesterol by cupping.

There is evidence that cupping lowers cholesterol. Why? High levels of LDL, a particular protein linked to high cholesterol, can prevent clotting or blockages by improving blood circulation.

Cupping Keeps the Skin Healthy

Frequently, the state of your skin is a direct reflection of your internal health. Cupping increases the blood flow to the skin, which increases the amount of oxygen and vital nutrients that the skin needs to stay healthy. Additionally, it helps to lessen the recurrence of skin conditions like cellulite, eczema, and acne.

Cupping Relieves Digestive Problems

Using cups can help with digestive issues brought on by long-term stress, malnutrition, or an immune response.

Cupping Treats Urinary Diseases

Urinary tract conditions like an abscess, urine retention, and kidney stones can all treated with cupping Therapy. Urine retention treated by applying the cups to the lumbar region.

Do the effects of cupping therapy have any side effects?

The infamous circular bruises that appear after cupping Therapy are one of the biggest concerns. However, rest assured that the bruising looks worse than it feels.

The temporary skin discolouration caused by cupping known as petechiae. Depending on the severity of the injury and underlying health, these marks, which result from better blood flow to the area, will go away either the day after treatment or after up to two weeks.

The marks don’t feel like a bruise, despite their appearance. These cup-shaped scars are not painful. You won’t even be aware that they are there. The marks can be anything from light pink to dark purple in colour.


Inflammation can reduced, fluids can drained or moved, and stagnation can moved using cupping therapy. The process is comparable to that of fomentations and hot compresses. Blood  drawn to the capillaries from the arteries as part of the mechanism.

The blood then travels back through the veins to be purified or discarded. Body or skin irritation is not a result of cupping massage. It removes the inflammation rather than causing more of it.

The experience is truly indescribable! Long after the treatment has ended, people frequently report feeling a deep warmth and tingling.

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Everything You Need to Know About Massage Therapy

Everything You Need to Know About Massage Therapy: You might believe that the only thing you can do if you’re stressed and sore is to take some over-the-counter painkillers and get through the day. However, a certified massage therapist claims that you don’t have to put up with it.

A massage is an excellent tool for comfort, relieving pain, easing muscle stiffness, and more. Learn more about the advantages of common massage types.

What is massage therapy?

Many treatments are used in massage therapy (see the below mentioned for examples). Generally speaking, therapists deal with the body’s muscles and soft tissues, especially those in the upper and lower body. Most of them use their fingers and hands, but they can also use their forearms, elbows, and feet.

Type of massage therapy

Swedish Massage

The most popular kind of massage therapy in Canada is Swedish massage. The therapist can help clients relax by releasing tight muscles through pressure and friction.

A Swedish massage‘s main objective is to relax the entire body. Long strokes that bring the blood back to the heart are used to achieve this.

Deep Tissue Massage

When performing a deep tissue massage, the therapist strokes deep tissue layers and applies finger pressure to tight and knotted muscle areas.

Deep tissue massages are popular because they help people with chronic aches and pains in the neck, upper back, lower back, legs, and shoulders.

Hot stone massage

A hot stone massage uses heated stones to massage and relax sore muscles with or without pressure. The RMT will place flat, smooth stones on specific areas of your body during this hot massage.

Typically, basalt, a type of volcanic rock that retains heat, make up the stones. Hot stones are occasionally used by RMTs who use Swedish massage techniques.

Prenatal massage

Pregnant women frequently experience lower back, leg, or hip pain and possible swelling. There is evidence that massage therapy can benefit pregnant women with labour pain, low back pain, and mental health issues. According to the Canadian Chiropractic Association, it can lower the risk of premature birth.

Trigger point massage

People with particular injuries or conditions are advised to get this kind of massage. Its foundation is the theory that different tight spots in the muscles, known as trigger points, can cause pain in other parts of the body.

That pain can alleviated by massaging those points and relaxing the muscle tissue. The massage includes all aspects of the body, with the massage centre focusing on specific areas.

Shiatsu massage

This Japanese massage technique involves the therapist applying rhythmic or pulsing pressure to different body parts with their hands, palms, and thumbs.

In addition to easing muscle tension, it also has advantages for mental health since it can calm the mind and alleviate stress, anxiety, and depression.

Cranial sacral therapy

A manual massage complete called craniosacral therapy uses light touch to gently manipulate the head and spine while promoting the body’s natural healing processes. It is particularly well-liked for treating headaches and jaw issues like TMJ.

Aromatherapy massage

The best type of massage for those seeking emotional healing is an aromatherapy massage. This kind of massage can improve your mood, lessen anxiety and stress, lessen depressive symptoms, ease muscle tension, and ease the pain. Essential massage oils are applied while applying pressure during an aromatherapy massage.

Chair massage

A client can sit comfortably and receive a neck, back, arm, and shoulder massage while still being fully clothed with chair massage, also known as seated massage. It can be done in corporate office buildings, street fairs, malls, and airports.

Massage therapy for various parts of the body


Few people realise how intricately connected the muscles and nerves in the legs are. To target particular parts of the leg that may be injured or in pain for various other reasons, a leg massager with massage training will have a deeper understanding of the anatomy of the legs.


Many of the advantages that people experience when receiving massage on their upper body are also felt when receiving massage on their back or legs.

Body massage can accelerate the healing process in cases of damaged tissue by promoting blood flow and delivering nutrients to the various upper body muscles.


Are you looking for new ways to help ease your back or neck pain? Many people with chronic back pain notice the rising popularity of massage therapy. After all, almost anybody can receive a massage.

Additionally, studies show that more people are taking advantage of massage therapy‘s benefits. If you suffer from neck and back pain, figuring out the source will help you decide if massage therapy is the best course of action for you.

Benefits of massage therapy

The health advantages of massage therapy for conditions like stress, fibromyalgia, low-back pain, and more increasingly supported by research. Discover the benefits of including massage therapy in your wellness routine.

The practice of massage frequently included in integrative medicine. For various medical conditions and circumstances, a full body massage increasingly offered in addition to standard treatment.

Benefits of massage may include:

1- lowering tension and boosting relaxation

2- reducing stress, pain, and soreness in the muscles

3- enhancing blood flow, energy, and awareness

4- lowering blood pressure and heart rate

5- enhancing immune response

Disadvantages of Massage therapy


Massages can be very expensive if performed by experts in the field, regardless of whether you are hiring a personal massager or going to a spa or medical facility.


This is merely viewed as a drawback, given that people know what to anticipate when they choose to get a massage. But it’s okay to bring it up since it might be embarrassing for some.

Accidental Damage

It is always important to communicate with the masseuse before the massage because if the masseuse is unaware of an existing medical condition, it could make the body aches worse.


A talented therapist has a wide range of techniques in their toolbox that can applied according to your needs, and they will react and alter these techniques in response to your feedback.

Massage therapy is safe and effective for people of all ages. It’s not just a self-indulgent or self-pampering activity. Whether you are looking for a stress reliever or have a specific health condition, it is a potent tool from your nearby massage centre to help you take control of your health and well-being.

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What is the Meaning of a Community Health Centre?

A Community Health Centre is a healthcare organization that provides support to maintain our health and wellness. It is a non-profit organization that provides various healthcare facilities to people in a particular area.


Community Health Centre is a consumer-directed healthcare organization that provides various facilities. We get access to affordable healthcare facilities through the Community Health Centre.

High-quality health services are provided in the civic center. It also provides medical facilities such as primary healthcare and mental healthcare, and it also provides access to mental healthcare.


The various objectives of the community health center are listed below.

1) To ensure the overall well-being of the people in the particular geographical area by providing various medical and healthcare facilities.

2) To provide medical help and safety measures to rural areas to safeguard them from various diseases.

3) To offer various kinds of check-ups like mental health check-ups, dental check-ups, medical check-ups, etc., to people who struggle to get access to these services.

Importance of Community Health Centre:

Community Health Centre is given utmost importance in our society for various reasons. It provides plenty of medical and healthcare facilities.

It focuses on the well-being of the people of a particular region. In addition to all the medical services provided by the community health center, it serves various other functions.

Functions of Community Health Centre:

The community health center serves various kinds of functions. The primary function of the community health center is to ensure the overall well-being of the people in a particular region. It makes facilities for safe drinking water.

It also ensures that there are basic sanitation facilities. Also involves the act of preventing or controlling various endemic diseases. It serves the function of training healthcare personnel in the area where the community health center is located.

Working of Community Health Centre:

Governing and funding the community health center comes under the responsibility of the concerned states where the community health centers are located. Appropriate healthcare professionals are appointed to work in community health centers.

The state government appoints highly qualified general practitioners and nurses, and these professionals care for people’s health by providing various health services.

Significant advantages of Community Health Centre:

1) Many people with low income and below the poverty line often find it difficult to access good healthcare services. Hence, the community health center provides health care facilities to low-income people to support their health.

2) Community health centers play an essential role in reducing infant mortality and maternal death rates.

3) Community health centers help to spread awareness about various diseases, disorders, and other health issues among the people in a particular area.

4) Regular medical check-ups in the community health center are highly useful for rural people.

Thus, it is clear that community health centers play an essential role in providing various healthcare facilities. There are various benefits to having community health centers in various areas of our state, and it focuses mainly on the people’s overall well-being.

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Top 5 Breakfast Foods

Top Five Breakfast Foods: Everyone has heard the adage “breakfast is the most important meal of the day” at least once in their lifetime.

This is because it refuels us and replenishes the sugar in our bodies, giving us the necessary energy and alertness. In addition, it aids in providing our bodies with many necessary nutrients.

Why Is A Healthy Breakfast Important For Long-Term Loss Of Weight?

The most important meal of the day is breakfast, especially if you’re trying to eat a healthy breakfast to lose weight and keep it off.

Although there are many adequate breakfasts for weight loss, it is always important to find the best breakfast options.

There are many benefits to choosing the best breakfast to lose weight over skipping it. Get the best breakfast first if you want to lose weight.

Another choice is to eat a healthy breakfast to lose weight. One can choose a protein-rich breakfast for weight loss and staying healthy.

Keep reading this article to learn more about the five best healthy breakfast options, their advantages, and other information.

Lean Meat

One of the healthiest breakfast options for non-vegetarians is lean meat. It simultaneously gives them vital nutrients like protein, zinc, and vitamins.

Red meat should be avoided, though, as it contains unwanted cholesterol or saturated fat. Pick white meat instead. These work the best to cut down cholesterol.


A common and one of the best breakfast foods is eggs. They are nourishing and rich in superior protein.

Due to the high cholesterol content of eggs, some people believe they are unhealthy. However, studies have revealed that low-density lipoprotein (LDL), or bad cholesterol, has little effect on blood levels of dietary cholesterol from eggs.


They are a great way to start the day. Some examples include blueberries, strawberries, raspberries, and blackberries. They have lots of fibre, few calories, and anti-inflammatory antioxidants.

According to a study by the American Heart Association, young women who consume more of the antioxidants in berries have a lower risk of having a heart attack.

Peanut Butter

Protein and fibre in peanut butter help you feel fuller for longer and aid in weight loss. That’s probably because all nuts and nut butter, including peanut butter.

Provide satisfying amounts of fibre, protein, and healthy fats. They also help you create a filling breakfast because they are packed with nutrients.


A recent study published in the New England Journal of Medicine also identified the top five foods that encourage weight loss. There was yoghurt among them.

Yogurt’s protein content may give you an advantage if you’re trying to get leaner, which is another reason to eat it.


The crucial decision is whether to eat breakfast or not. However, most dietitians and health professionals agree that eating breakfast is better for your health. Some say you should only eat breakfast if you are hungry.

But others argue that it is essential to fuel to get you through the morning, particularly if you begin the day with a strenuous workout. Our list should clarify which foods to include in your breakfast for a balanced meal.

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What are the 4 Keys for Healthy Lifestyle?

We all wish to live a happy and healthy life and to live a healthy life comes with the responsibility to have a healthy lifestyle.

A healthy lifestyle includes eating healthy food, physical activity, getting enough sleep, and caring for our emotional well-being. The four keys to a healthy lifestyle are discussed below in the article.

1) Healthy Food:

We need a healthy diet to lead healthy living. The food we eat plays a major role in shaping who we become in life, and eating healthy food helps us prevent various diseases and disorders.

And it becomes important to note that we should not take healthy foods however we want. There is a concept called a balanced diet, which everyone should know to lead a healthy lifestyle.

Balanced Diet:

A balanced diet can defined as the proper combination of various foods that supply sufficient nutrients in the correct proportions. It provides adequate nutrients like proteins, minerals, vitamins, etc. in adequate proportions.

2) Physical Activity:

Being active and involved in various physical exercises extend our life span. Regular exercise can keep our bodies active throughout the day, improving our brain health and reducing the risk of various diseases.

Physical activity involves strengthening our muscles and bones, and it helps us to maintain our body weight. It also reduces the risk of various heart diseases, diabetes, cancer, etc.; being physically active also improves the quality of our sleep and can reduce anxiety and depression.

3) Healthy Sleep:

A healthy lifestyle involves quality sleep, which keeps us fresh and active all day. Quality sleep has various positive effects on both our physical and mental health.

It also affects our moods in everyday life.  Also Our brain performance is enhanced with a good amount of quality sleep. Poor quality sleep leads to the risk of various diseases such as heart diseases, obesity,  etc.

Good sleep also doesn’t mean the number of hours we spend sleeping, and it refers to the quality of sleep and involves the self-satisfaction we ought to feel after the sleep experience.

4) Emotional Well-Being:

Our emotional well-being is one of the most important aspects of a healthy lifestyle. Emotional well-being refers to self-awareness, adapting to the changes, and better handling our emotions.

It also refers to our ability to connect with others and maintain good relationships. It involves the act of learning new skills. Paying attention to the present moment is one of the important aspects of our emotional well-being.

It mainly focuses on the balance we maintain among our emotions, thoughts, relationships, etc.; good emotional well-being helps us to have a more positive outlook on our life. Hence, it considered to be important to lead a healthy life.

Thus, these four aspects are the four keys that help us unlock a healthy lifestyle, and focusing on them helps us to lead a healthy life.

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