Coughs: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Coughs: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments: Your body responds by coughing when something irritates your airways or throat. Coughing can be either voluntary or involuntary, short-term or persistent, and ranges from clearing the throat to a wheezing cough to full-on hacking.

When you cough, the air suddenly leaves your lungs through your epiglottis, the tiny trapdoor that covers the opening to your windpipe. A cough produces a powerful force of air that aids in clearing your breathing passageways of unwelcome irritants at the estimated speed of 100 miles per hour.

Although a cough rarely hurts, it can annoy or distract other people, and the effort of coughing can make you feel tired and achy. An occasional cough is common and not cause for concern.

What triggers a cough?

Infections of the upper respiratory tract.

These are the most typical culprits behind severe coughs. They are brought on by a bacterial infection (virus). Without any particular treatment, they almost always get better within a week. The duration of the symptoms is up to three weeks.

Infections of the lower respiratory system.

These are less frequent but can result in pneumonia, bronchitis, and two more chronic cough and lung infections. These conditions could be brought on by a bacterial infection (viruses, bacteria or fungi).


Wheezing, shortness of breath and coughing are brought on by this at night, in cold weather, and when exercising. A bacterial infection can significantly worsen asthma symptoms. An asthma exacerbation is what this is known as.


Coughing is frequently brought on by smoking. Smoking usually results in chronic cough with a recognizable sound. A smoker’s cough is a common name for it.


Although it is typically a rare side effect, some medications can make you have whooping cough. Coughing can be brought on by angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, which are frequently prescribed to treat heart disease and high blood pressure.

    • Two of the more popular ones are: Vasotec and Zestril (lisinopril) (enalapril)

When the medication is stopped, the coughing stops or tixylix syrup can be used.

Cough Symptoms and Telltale Signs

Acute or chronic coughing fits both categories. We state that acute coughs start suddenly and typically last less than three weeks. You usually experience this kind of cough when you have a cold, the flu, or acute bronchitis.

Coughs that are chronic and last longer than eight weeks (or longer than four weeks in children) might require dry cough syrup. A persistent cough can keep you awake while trying to sleep and cause fatigue. Additional symptoms and signs that it may present with include:

    • A stuffy or runny nose
    • A sensation of liquid dripping down your throat (postnasal drip)
    • Throat clearing regularly and sore throat
    • Hoarseness
    • Breathing difficulties and wheezing
    • Having heartburn or a sour aftertaste

Drugs or natural cough remedies for coughing?
Medicines (OTC)

Cold and cough syrups sold over-the-counter (OTC) may have side effects. In young children, these side effects can be life-threatening. Utilizing these medications carries more risks than advantages.

These cough suppressants should never be administered to young children, according to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). If you use the wet cough syrup and other medications as directed, you can use them after six. However, treating whooping cough and colds without these medications is simple.

Home Remedies for Cough

Effective home remedies are safe, affordable, and just as effective as over-the-counter medications. They can also be discovered in almost every house. Here are a few straightforward but effective home remedies.

  • Keep yourself hydrated by drinking lots of water. Ask your doctor how much water is ideal for you if you already have a medical condition.
  • Rest, avoid strenuous activity while experiencing symptoms and have Benadryl cough syrup.
  • The symptoms may worsen if you smoke or breathe in other people’s smoke. Try to stay away from those who are smoking. Try to reduce or stop smoking if you currently do so.
  • Take some honey; it might help lessen the a dry cough’s intensity and length. Taken 30 minutes before bedtime, one to two teaspoons of honey may be beneficial for even dry cough home remedies. Children’schest congestion is helped by it.

See a doctor

It might be time to see a doctor if you find that these home remedies aren’t helping your cough.

If your symptoms are severe, not improving with over-the-counter cough drops or other remedies, or last longer than four weeks, we advise seeing a doctor. Cold and cough typically go away after a typical respiratory viral infection in 4 weeks, but it can last up to 8 weeks. During this time, the cough should be gradually getting better.

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Fever: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatment

Fever: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatment: People may experience coldness as their body temperature rises until it levels off and stops rising. This is said to give people “chills.”

Normal body temperature in Fahrenheit can also be influenced by what is eaten, exercised, slept on, the time of day, and individual factors.

The immune system will launch an attack to try to eliminate the cause when an infection occurs. The normal course of this reaction includes a rise in body temperature.

Usually, the fever goes away on its own. However, a severe infection that requires medical attention could be indicated by an excessive increase in body temperature. In this situation, a doctor might suggest medication to lessen it.

Please continue reading to discover more about the signs and symptoms of a fever (which could be typhoid), its causes, and possible remedies.

How do fevers work?

An increase in body temperature above the normal range is a fever. However, body temperature varies between individuals, depending on activity levels and the time of day. The definition of the highest normal body temperature found in medical textbooks varies

Generally speaking, a fever is defined as a body temperature higher than 99 degrees Fahrenheit in the morning or 100 degrees Fahrenheit at any time of the day.

The hypothalamus, a region of the brain, controls the body’s temperature. The hypothalamus is set to the typical body temperature when everything in the body is functioning normally.


Fever can brought on by almost any infection. It can be one of the dengue symptoms. It can also be due to scarlet fever or hay fever. It can also include the following:

    • Appendicitis, rheumatic fever, skin infections, bone infections (osteomyelitis), and yellow fever respiratory infections like the common cold, flu, sore throats, ear infections, sinus infections, mononucleosis, pyrexia, pneumonia, and tuberculosis.
    • Urinary tract infections
    • Both bacterial and viral gastroenteritis can occur
    • Following some vaccinations, one can experience a low-grade normal body temperature in human children for one or two days.

A child’s temperature may slightly rise due to teething, but it shouldn’t go above 100°F (37.8°C).

Inflammatory or autoimmune diseases can also bring on a fever. Some examples are:

    • Rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus are examples of connective tissue diseases that can cause arthritis.
    • Crohn’s illness and ulcerative colitis
    • Vasculitis or typhoid fever
    • Fever is sometimes the first sign of cancer. For Hodgkin’s disease, this is accurate.

What symptoms and signs indicate a fever?

A fever can make a person feel extremely uneasy. The following are fever symptoms that you may have a fever:

    • Normal body temperature in fever in both adults and children of more than 100.4 F (38 C)
    • Chills, trembling, and shivers
    • Muscle and joint pain as well as other body aches
    • Headache
    • Excessive sweating or sporadic sweating
    • Heart palpitations or a rapid heartbeat
    • Hot skin or flushing skin
    • Feeling weak, lightheaded, or dizzy
    • Eye discomfort or red eyes
    • Weakness
    • Reduced appetite
    • Fussiness (in children and toddlers) (in children and toddlers)
    • It’s also crucial to be aware of the signs of infection in kids, such as sore throats, coughs, earaches, vomiting, and diarrhea.
    • Convulsions, hallucinations, or confusion could occur at very high temperatures. For high fever, always seek medical attention.

Methods for different types of fever treatment

Care for a viral fever depends on its severity. A low-grade fever without other symptoms is usually not severe enough for medical attention. In most cases, an average fever temperature can treated with fluids and bed rest.

To treat an elevated body temperature as typhoid symptoms or dengue fever when it comes with mild symptoms like general discomfort or dehydration, try the following to reduce viral fever symptoms:

    • Ensuring that the resting person’s environment is comfortable by checking the temperature
    • Taking a regular bath or a sponge bath with lukewarm water
    • Taking acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil)
    • Consuming many liquids can also work for dengue treatment.

Medical Care

A fever brought on by an infection won’t go away until the disease is treated, at the very least, until it gets better. This might necessitate medical attention, depending on the illness.

Consult a medical professional if your fever persists or you experience any additional symptoms that point to an illness.

You can anticipate medications and tests to determine the cause of the elevated temperature if you visit your doctor’s office, an urgent care centre, or the emergency room for high fever treatment.

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Eyes: Structure, Function, and Disease

Eyes: Structure, Function, and Disease: Animals use various methods to detect light and focus it to create images. Human eyes function like camera lenses, focusing light onto film. This is referred to as having “camera-type eyes.” The retina of the eye is like film, while the cornea and lens of the eye are comparable to camera lenses.

Human Eye Structure and Functions

The most intricate sense organs in the human body are the eyes. Every component of the human eye performs a specific function, from the muscles and tissues to the nerves and blood vessels. Furthermore, the eye is made up of two separate segments fused rather than being perfectly spherical, as is commonly believed.

It comprises several muscles and tissues that join to form a roughly spherical shape. From an anatomical standpoint, the human eye can be broadly divided into external and internal structures.

The Eye’s External Structure

The following are the components of the eye that are visible from the outside:-

Sclera: It is the visible white area. It shields the internal organs and is composed of thick connective tissue.

Conjunctiva: It is a stratified squamous epithelium that lines the sclera.

The cornea is the transparent front portion of the eye that houses the iris and pupil.

Iris: The coloured, pigmented eye area visible from the outside. Blue eyes and Hazel eyes are a product of it.

Pupil: It is the tiny opening at the centre of the iris. It lets light in so that it can focus on the retina.

Internal Components of the Eye

The eye’s internal parts include:

Eye lens: The biconvex, transparent lens of the eye. The cornea and lens refract light to focus on the retina.

Retina: The innermost layer of the eye is called the retina. It functions as the film of a camera and is light-sensitive.

Optic Nerve: The optic nerves transport all nerve impulses from the retina to the brain so they can be perceived.

Aqueous Humour: Between the cornea and the lens is a fluid called aqueous humour.

Vitreous Humor: A clear, jelly-like substance between the lens and retina.

Common Eye Diseases

  • Eye fatigue – also known as eyestrain
  • Refractive Errors (myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism and other vision distortions) Uncorrected refractive error is a preventable factor in India’s visual impairment. LASIK helps with it. Eyeglasses recommended for it.
  • Dry eye syndrome: Insufficient tear production from the tear glands
  • Blindness at Night [Nyctalopia] – Trouble seeing in dim light
  • Conjunctivitis (bacterial, viral, or allergic) Conjunctival inflammation is what it is. It causes red eyes.
  • Reduced vision in one eye caused by a disorder of vision development known as amblyopia.
  • Eye floaters: Spots in the vision (such as strings, rings, and cobwebs)
  • Retinal conditions
  • Eyelideye infection known as blepharitis and causes crusty or dry eyelids, stickiness, and a gritty feeling.
  • A cataract is an opacity that develops within the eye’s normally clear lens. Cataract surgery is usually the only solution.
  • Increased intraocular pressure, or glaucoma, is a condition that may harm the optic nerve.

Remedies at home for sore eyes

Some causes of eye pain can treated at home. For instance, warm compresses or OTC eye drops can ease eye discomfort.

Artificial tears or a warm water flush can help to flush out any foreign objects that may be in the eye. Apply a warm compress with a damp washcloth to relieve blurred vision and style pain.

There are several easy at-home treatments for sore eyes. Some of them are as follows:
Ice compress

To reduce pain and swelling, place a cold washcloth over your closed eyes twice daily for five minutes each.

Oil of castor

Castor oil eye drops could help lessen eye irritation. Before going to bed, put one drop in each eye; repeat the procedure in the morning for dry eyes.


Some natural healers advise using aloe vera to treat sore eyes because of its anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. Also, It can help with conjunctivitis.


A foreign object stuck in someone’s eye is typically noticeable. However, a doctor might demand additional testing to rule out other causes. They may inquire about your symptoms and health history.


While some eye conditions, like a detached retina, can impair vision, others are minor and might not necessitate a trip to the optometrist immediately.

However, it doesn’t lessen how annoying they are! What is attainable? Exist any all-natural treatments for common eye issues? Start with the query ophthalmologist near me.

Finding the best and most efficient methods to treat common vision conditions at home is not always straightforward. To assist you, we have done our research.

We sincerely hope you try some of our few at-home, all-natural treatments for some of the most typical eye issues like pink eye or macular degeneration, which need you to find an eye doctor near me.

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